Monthly Archives: August 2022

A Quick AWS Lambda Reverse Shell

Let’s say you’re doing a pentest, and you run across access to AWS Lambda. I recently learned you can get a persistent shell (for 15 minutes, at least) via Lambda, which seemed odd to me because always just considered Lambda a repeatable, but ephemeral thing.

Anyway, first create with the following code. Note that you’ll need a hostname to connect to. In my case, I used

Lambda reverse shell python code.

Next, zip this up into

Creating that contains our reverse shell function.

Now we are going to create a Lambda function and upload our with the following command

aws lambda create-function --function-name test --runtime python3.9 --handler lambda_function.lambda_handler --timeout 900 --zip-file fileb:// --role <The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the function's execution role>
Creating our function and uploading the code.

Don’t forget to start your listener, and when you are ready, trigger the function!

And catch the shell.

According to the docs, “a Lambda function always runs inside a VPC owned by the Lambda service.” But you can attach your function to your own VPC, so depending on how the victim’s AWS environment is configured, you may be able to pivot around and exploit some more stuff.

Python Caesar Cipher in 15 Minutes

READER BEWARE: The code in this post is horrible.

Ever been asked to write a Caesar Cipher in Python in 15 minutes? No? Neither have I.

Anyway, here is what I accomplished. It is far from optimal. It does not take a lot into account e.g. punctuation, uppercase chars, non integer keys, negative keys, etc. But I was in a hurry.

It takes the message variable and shifts each letter to the ‘right’ by the value of the current key in keys.

#!/usr/bin/env python3

from string import ascii_lowercase

# lowercase letters
CHARACTERS = list(ascii_lowercase)

# for char in CHARACTERS:
#     print(ord(char))

message = "i cannot do this under duress"

keys = [1, 6, 9, 4, 2, 0]

# convert to unicode
message_ord = [ord(x) for x in list(message)]

for key in keys:
    new_message = ""
    for letter in message:
        # I did take care of spaces. 
        if letter == " ":
            new_message += " "
        elif ord(letter) + key > 122:
 #should prob mod something somewhere
            offset = (ord(letter) + key) - 123
            new_letter = 97 + offset
            new_message += chr(new_letter)
            new_letter = ord(letter) + key
            new_message += chr(new_letter)

    print(f"For key: '{key}' the message is '{new_message}'")

This took me 15 minutes and 36 seconds.

The Incredibly Insecure Weather Station – Part 2

Edit: The weather station issues were given CVE-2022-35122.

I contacted the manufacturer in regards to these issues. They responded quickly. I wasn’t expecting anything to be done about the issues that I brought up, but they did do something…

I logged into my weather station yesterday, an lo and behold, there is an update. Most notably the following, “added password encryption for HTTP transmission.”

Screenshot from the app itself showing the update notes.

Encryption for the password during HTTP transmission? What does this even mean? HTTPS? Why wouldn’t they just say HTTPS? Just encrypting the password client side and sending it to the station for decryption? That seems odd. I was hoping for HTTPS, but I would soon be let down.

curl request from before and after the ‘upgrade’

Before updating, I decided to try and make the curl request as I had done before to the get_device_info endpoint. As before, the password to the system was returned.

Next, I upgraded the device and then made the same request. Would you look at that, the APpwd now does look ‘encrypted.’ But, as you may have guessed, it is actually just base 64 encoded.

V2VhdGhlcjI0Njg5 –> Weather24689

bae64 decoding

Or, using jq, you can do this all on the CLI.

I think this is a losing battle.